Bonding changes in compressed superhard graphite Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/5013-1955-4065-5252-CC

in language

  • eng

year of publication

  • 2003

abstract

  • Compressed under ambient temperature, graphite undergoes a transition at similar to17 gigapascals. The near K-edge spectroscopy of carbon using synchrotron x-ray inelastic scattering reveals that half of the pi-bonds between graphite layers convert to sigma-bonds, whereas the other half remain as pi-bonds in the high-pressure form. The x-ray diffraction pattern of the high-pressure form is consistent with a distorted graphite structure in which bridging carbon atoms between graphite layers pair and form sigma-bonds, whereas the nonbridging carbon atoms remain unpaired with pi-bonds. The high-pressure form is superhard, capable of indenting cubic-diamond single crystals.

volume

  • 302

issue

  • 5644