Economical assessment of competitive enhanced limestones for CO2 capture cycles in power plants Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/6597-2895-9038-9795-CC

in language

  • eng

year of publication

  • 2009


  • CO2 capture systems based on the carbonation/calcination loop have gained rapid interest due to promising carbonator CO2 capture efficiency, low sorbent cost and no flue gases treatment is required before entering the system. These features together result in a competitively low Cost CO2 capture system. Among the key variables that influence the performance of these systems and their integration with power plants, the carbonation conversion of the sorbent and the heat requirement at calciner are the most relevant. Both variables are mainly influenced by CaO/CO2 ratio and make-up flow of solids. New sorbents are under development to reduce the decay of their carbonation conversion with cycles. The aim of this study is to assess the competitiveness of new limestones with enhanced sorption behaviour applied to carbonation/calcination cycle integrated with a power plant, compared to raw limestone. The existence of an upper limit for the maximum average capture capacity of CaO has been considered. Above this limit, improving sorbent capture capacity does not lead to the corresponding increase in capture efficiency and, thus, reduction Of CO2 avoided Cost is not observed. Simulations calculate the maximum price for enhanced sorbents to achieve a reduction in CO2 removal cost under different process conditions (solid circulation and make-up flow). The present study may be used as an assessment tool of new sorbents to understand what prices would be competitive compare with raw limestone in the CO2 looping capture systems. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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