A NEW TYPE OF METEORITIC DIAMOND IN THE ENSTATITE CHONDRITE ABEE Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/8591-8731-7664-2048-CC

in language

  • eng

year of publication

  • 1992

abstract

  • Diamonds with delta-C-13 values of -2 per mil and less than 50 parts per million (by mass) nitrogen have been isolated from the Abee enstatite chondrite by the same procedure used for concentrating C-delta, the putative interstellar diamond found ubiquitously in primitive meteorites and characterized by delta-C-13 values of -32 to -38 per mil, nitrogen concentrations of 2,000 to 12,500 parts per million, and delta-N-15 values of -340 per mil. Because the Abee diamonds have typical solar system isotopic compositions for carbon, nitrogen, and xenon, they are presumably nebular in origin rather than presolar. Their discovery in an unshocked meteorite eliminates the possibility of origins normally invoked to account for diamonds in ureilites and iron meteorites and suggests a low-pressure synthesis. The diamond crystals are approximately 100 nanometers in size, are of an unusual lath shape, and represent approximately 100 parts per million of Abee by mass.

volume

  • 256

issue

  • 5054