Harder than diamond: dreams and reality Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/7154-7920-3310-7850-CC

in language

  • eng

year of publication

  • 2002


  • Analysis of correlations between various physical properties of solids provides a formulation of simple criteria applicable to the search for new superhard materials. The prospects for the synthesis of new substances with the key elastic moduli, whose values approach or even exceed those of diamond are also discussed. We introduce the concept of ideal hardness and strength, which relates the elastic properties of materials to the corresponding mechanical characteristics, the concepts that are less unambiguously determined and that depend on the conditions of measurements. The control of material nanostructure makes it possible to approach the ideal hardness. The formulation of trends interrelating physical properties is expected to allow an essential guidance in the synthesis of new classes of superhard materials.


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