Work carried out over the last 30 years unveiled the role of structural dynamics in controlling protein function. Cavity networks modulate structural dynamics trajectories and are functionally relevant; in globins they have been assigned a role in ligand migration and docking. These findings raised renewed interest for time-resolved structural investigations of myoglobin (Mb), a simple heme protein displaying a photosensitive iron-ligand bond. Photodissociation of MbCO generates a nonequilibrium population of protein structures relaxing over a time range extending from picoseconds to milliseconds. This process triggers ligand migration to matrix cavities with clear-cut effects on the rate and yield of geminate rebinding. Here, we report subnanosecond time-resolved Laue diffraction data on the triple mutant YQR-Mb [Leu-29(1310)Tyr, His-64(E7)Gln, Thr-67(E10)Arg] that depict the sequence of structural events associated with heme and protein relaxation from 100 ps to 316 ns and above. The photodissociated ligand rapidly (< 0.1 ns) populates the Xe-binding cavity distal to the heme. Moreover, the heme relaxation toward the deoxy configuration is heterogeneous, with a slower phase (approximate to ns) evident in these experiments. Damping of the heme response appears to result from a strain exerted by the E-helix via the CD-turn; Phe-43(CD1), in close contact with heme, opposes tilt until the strain is relieved. A comparison with crystallographic data on wild-type Mb and mutants Leu(29)Phe or Leu(29)Trp suggests that the internal structure controls the rate and amplitude of the relaxation events. A correlation between structural dynamics as unveiled by Laue crystallography and functional properties of Mb is presented.