Effect of pressure, temperature, and oxygen fugacity on the metal-silicate partitioning of Te, Se, and S: Implications for earth differentiation Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/8317-8881-8505-1145-CC

in language

  • eng

year of publication

  • 2009

abstract

  • We have measured liquid Fe metal-liquid silicate partitioning (D(i)) of tellurium, selenium, and sulfur over a range of pressure, temperature, and oxygen fugacity (1-19 GPa, 2023-2693 K, fO(2) -0.4 to -5.5 log units relative to the iron-wustite buffer) to better assess the role of metallic melts in fractionating these elements during mantle melting and early Earth evolution. We find that metal-silicate partitioning of all three elements decreases with falling FeO activity in the silicate melt, and that the addition of 5-10 wt% S in the metal phase results in a 3-fold enhancement of both D(Te) and D(Se). In general, Te, Se, and S all become more siderophile with increasing pressure, and less siderophile with increasing temperature, in agreement with previous work. In all sulfur-bearing experiments, D(Te) is greater than D(Se) or D(S), with the latter two being similar over a range of P and T. Parameterized results are used to estimate metal-silicate partitioning at the base of a magma ocean which deepens as accretion progresses, with the equilibration temperature fixed at the peridotite liquidus. We show that during accretion, Te behaves like a highly siderophile element, with expected core/mantle partitioning of > 10(5), in contrast to the observed core/mantle ratio of similar to 100. Less extreme differences are observed for Se and S, which yielded core/mantle partitioning 100- to 10 times higher, respectively, than the observed value. Addition of similar to 0.5 wt% of a meteorite component (H, EH or EL ordinary chondrite) is sufficient to raise mantle abundances to their current level and erase the original interelement fractionation of metal-silicate equilibrium. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

volume

  • 73

issue

  • 15