Partially collapsed cristobalite structure in the non molecular phase V in CO2 Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/3899-5437-1463-7133-CC

in language

  • eng

is Contribution to the DCO

  • YES

year of publication

  • 2012


  • Non molecular CO2 has been an important subject of study in high pressure physics and chemistry for the past decade opening up a unique area of carbon chemistry. The phase diagram of CO2 includes several non molecular phases above 30 GPa. Among these, the first discovered was CO2-V which appeared silica-like. Theoretical studies suggested that the structure of CO2-V is related to that of beta-cristobalite with tetrahedral carbon coordination similar to silicon in SiO2, but reported experimental structural studies have been controversial. We have investigated CO2-V obtained from molecular CO2 at 40-50 GPa and T > 1500 K using synchrotron X-ray diffraction, optical spectroscopy, and computer simulations. The structure refined by the Rietveld method is a partially collapsed variant of SiO2 beta-cristobalite, space group I (4) over bar 2d, in which the CO4 tetrahedra are tilted by 38.4 degrees about the c-axis. The existence of CO4 tetrahedra (average O-C-O angle of 109.5 degrees) is thus confirmed. The results add to the knowledge of carbon chemistry with mineral phases similar to SiO2 and potential implications for Earth and planetary interiors.


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