Assessing the diversity of lipids formed via Fischer-Tropsch-type reactions Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/1650-1338-7740-9161-CC

is Contribution to the DCO

  • YES

year of publication

  • 2018

abstract

  • Lipid biomarkers are commonly used for tracking life through Earth’s history and are also gaining in importance in the search for extraterrestrial life. However, some lipids may also be formed in-situ via abiotic Fischer-Tropsch-type (FTT) reactions. These processes have been considered as a source of prebiotic organic matter. Here we report on a FTT synthesis experiment performed under hydrothermal conditions, focusing on more complex, previously undescribed FTT reaction products that may potentially mimic biological signals. The experiment was carried out in stainless steel reactors by heating aqueous solutions of oxalic acid mixed with montmorillonite to 175 °C for 3 days. Organic extracts of the products and extraction residues were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and combustion-infrared detection, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and pyrolysis GC–MS. FTT reactions led to a number of biomarker-like lipids such as linear and methyl-branched alkanes and alkanols as well as n-alkanoic acids. However, FTT reactions a priori produce unimodal chain length distributions and isomeric mixtures of methyl-branched compounds, as opposed to biolipids which typically show preferences of individual homologs and/or isomers. Experimental maturation of an immature kerogen demonstrated how these biological signatures may pass into unimodal distributions similar to FTT reaction products by thermal overprint. Therefore, discrimination of biologically derived compounds from FTT organics may become increasingly problematic with ongoing thermal maturation. Extraction residues of FTT reaction products contained organic material, possibly in form of an organic polymer. However, it remains to be tested whether these residual organics can evolve into kerogen-like material.

volume

  • 119