Downsizing the Deep Biosphere Journal Article uri icon

DCO ID 11121/2142-7953-4818-4301-CC

is Contribution to the DCO

  • YES

year of publication

  • 2012

abstract

  • The seabed of the ocean harbors diverse microbial communities that are adapted to a wide range of chemical, physical, and geological conditions. These communities may extend several kilometers below the seafloor (1–4), and since the 1990s, ocean scientists have assumed that the biomass of this deep biosphere dwarfs that in the overlying ocean (1, 5). When expressed as mass units of carbon, between 10 and 30% of Earth's life is estimated to be buried as microbial biomass beneath the seabed (1, 5, 6). However, a recent study by Kallmeyer et al. (7) suggests that this fraction may be only 1%.

volume

  • 338

issue

  • 6104